Mississippi's Poultry Industry: Broad Impact, Bright Future
The Mississippi Poultry Industry Today
- Mississippi's poultry sector exceeded $2.7 billion in sales at the farm gate in 2012.
- Total sales of poultry products by Mississippi processors in 2010 exceeded $2.8 billion.
- The poultry industry is the largest income-producing agricultural commodity in Mississippi and has been for the past 18 years.
- Mississippi is home to Cal-Maine Foods, Inc., the largest egg processor in the world.
- Mississippi produced 757 million broilers in 2010, or 1,441 broilers per minute.
- A Mississippi chicken weighs between 3.8 and 9 pounds when slaughtered, depending on the target market.
- Mississippi chickens ate 9 billion pounds of feed in 2010.
- In 2010, 97 million bushels of corn were raised in Mississippi. Mississippi broilers consumed more than 89 million bushels of corn in 2010.
- Mexico replaced Russia as the largest purchaser of U.S. poultry, with more than 967 million pounds shipped in 2010.
- Mississippi 2010 poultry exports were valued at more than $314 million, or 11.2 % of total sales.
- The poultry industry in Mississippi employs more than 28,000 people directly and another 27,000 indirectly. In other words, the industry helps create more than 55,000 jobs.
- Wages and salaries paid to poultry employees in Mississippi exceed $1.19 billion. The poultry industry is responsible for creating approximately $960 million more in payrolls for other industries, due to economic activity generated by the poultry industry. The total impact is more than $2.15 billion in wages and salaries paid.
- The total economic impact as a result of the Mississippi poultry industry is more than $2.9 billion value-added in 2010. (Value-added includes wages and salaries, indirect business taxes, and profits.)
- The Mississippi poultry industry's income is generated by broilers, 92 %, with commercial egg production 7 %, and spent hens and non-commercial farm chickens produced about 1 %.
- Mississippi ranked fourth in the nation in 2010 based on the number of broilers produced.
A Bright Future
The rapidly growing world population will be consuming two-thirds more animal protein by 2050 than it does today, according to World Livestock 2011, a study conducted by the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Growing populations and incomes are fueling the trend toward increased consumption of animal protein in developing countries worldwide. This increased consumption is helping to keep U.S. poultry exports expanding. Source: The Poultry Industry and Its Economic Impact 2012 By Dr. Ken Hood, Dr. Al Myles, Dr. David Peebles, and Danny Thornton.